Great Barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda)
The great Barracuda is one of the most dangerous marine predators that live in tropical waters of Indian, Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
This is a fish that reaches 2 meters in length, has long been known to fishermen who compared it with the pike. Barracuda really similar to a lance – head wedge-shaped, with large and protruded lower jaw lined with sharp teeth. Body shape elongated, it is grayish-brown or silvery, with scattered dark spots on back and sides. Males and females are no external differences have.
Live adult big Barracuda along the edges of coral reefs. In large astray rare (it happens to young fish), more often live alone or in small groups.A flock of Barracuda time of spawning of the great Barracuda of the contradictory information. Some say that the young growth appears in the spring, others year-round. Its caviar is the predator not to care, after it sweeps in fresh-water estuaries. Jaw barracudathe great barracudas live in estuaries until then, until they reach 8 cm long, then move into deeper water near the reed beds.
Growing up to 30 cm, they begin to move towards the open ocean, reaching it already at a length near a meter, and is able to fend for themselves.
From childhood big Barracuda feed exclusively on fish, which is very widely promotes their jaws drop. Teeth barracudathe approach allows the predator to attack even larger prey. For hunting uses two methods – passive waiting in ambush and active sudden attack. Basically, the prey becomes great Barracuda herring, sardines, gobies, anchovies, mullet, and other fish. Often predators kill far more prey than they can eat – an effect of the innate instinct of the hunter.Killer instinct is barricadesin cases when a big Barracuda attacked divers, inflicting serious damage. However, increasingly, the blame for the attack in such cases lies on the person, disturbed by the fish.