Carp — cultural form of carp, bred by man in the ponds, lakes, and reservoirs. Carp are bred mainly in southern and Central Russia, Ukraine, the North Caucasus. Some species of carp were able to acclimatize in the Northern areas (near Petersburg, in Novosibirsk oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai).
Carp have unusually wide dorsal fin at the front is equipped with a sturdy saw-tooth serrated beam. The same beam and have found podrostkovogo fin.
Carp grows quickly. By the end of the first year of life its length for about 10 cm with a weight of 25-30 g. In favorable conditions, by the end of the second year it weighs 450-500 g, and in the third year (sexual maturity) it weighs 2 kg.
Carp is very similar to carp and also how he is unpretentious: content minor content of oxygen in the water, that is not very afraid of water pollution by sewage and, most importantly, unpretentious in nutrition. A juvenile common carp feeds on plankton and benthos. Adult carp — a real “pig” among fish: it feeds on worms, insect larvae and insects, various crustaceans, molluscs, therefore, will be very useful to feed him special fish food designed for him.
In our waters there are three formigara — common, mirror carp and ramcity. They are all slightly hunchbacked. In common carp large scales. Young common carp are very similar to silver carp. Carp have an elongated body and fleshy lips on yellow there are two pairs of sensitive antennae.
The mirror carp is very different from all other subspecies of her naked body: it’s scales, or the scales scattered in places, 3-7 pieces.
I ramkatora carp the scales are placed on the body by chains: along the ridge from head to tail, lateral line and on the lower body, thereby forming a kind of frame (hence the species name).
The carp spawning occurs in may— June when the temperature is 16-19°C. it is Fed at a temperature of not lower than 14-15°C. At this temperature, the water in some reservoirs in spring, before spawning, there is a short intensive feeding period of common carp, but in most reservoirs it goes unnoticed.
The main season of recreational fishing carp begins 7-10 days after spawning. Most successful fishing is in the warmer months when the water temperature 18-26°C. as the cooling and reduce the temperature of water bite weakens and in September and October completely stopped.
To its exciting fishing for carp, no doubt, occupies the first place among the fish of the carp family. From the angler requires a good knowledge of the habits of the carp, the study of the peculiarities of the reservoir, the identication of the sites of the fish and ways of feeding.