Dangerous dwellers of the Mediterranean sea
In the Mediterranean there are 593 species of fish, of them in Israeli waters, home to 291 species (mackerel, herring, mullet, tuna, dolphinfish, palamidi, horse mackerel and many others). The Mediterranean coast of Israel encountered 4 species of flying fish. Many fish in the Mediterranean are of commercial importance.
In the waters of the sea found 47 species of sharks, some of them reach a decent size; a six-gilled shark is up to 5 m in length (hardly should be wary of them, because for the last 100 years in the Mediterranean recorded only two deaths from shark teeth). There are also rays (for example, mosaic Stingray, sea cat, etc.), as well as Mediterranean Moray, reaching a four-foot length.
In the Mediterranean you can meet 4 species of Barracuda or sea pike. Interestingly, about twenty new species appeared in the Mediterranean sea after it was combined with the Red through the Suez canal; two species of barracudas also came from the red sea. Barracuda is a predatory fish that has sometimes 2 meters in length, but for humans they are not dangerous.
In connection with pollution of coastal waters, global climate change and destructive methods of fishing off the coast of Israel fish is becoming smaller. Over the past few years, the size of the catch in some areas, Israeli water decreased in 3 times. This is not a serious food problem for Israel, because fishing gives the country only 16% received at the counters of local fish, the rest is grown(2005 data). However, the fauna of the Mediterranean sea may soon be poorer in several kinds of bottom flat sharks. Disappears in the Mediterranean and bluefin tuna.
Marine mammals include dolphins (belobochka, bottlenose, pilot, grey dolphins, etc.) and the white-bellied seal (Monachus monachus, very rare). Meet killer whales and porpoises.
In the Mediterranean sea there are 3 species of sea turtles, but breed here in only 2 species.
Molluscs are represented variously (about 850 species), including the edible oysters and Mediterranean mussels. Also interesting is eglence (lat. Muricidae), which have served as raw materials for purple paint. The Mediterranean sea is home to the only species of cones (beautiful clams, mostly inhabitants of tropical seas, having a characteristic twisted shell and venom glands).